11.1% of U.S. households with school-aged children were homeschooling at the beginning of the 2020-21 school year
That was double the number of households homeschooling at the end of the 2019-20 school year.
Homeschoolers are diverse
Percent of U.S. households with school-aged children that are homeschooling:
- Hispanic: 12.1% of households are homeschooling
- White: 9.7% of households are homeschooling
- Black: 16.1% of households are homeschooling
- Asian: 8.8% of households are homeschooling
Homeschoolers as a group live below the national average income level.
Homeschooling families come from many different demographics: Atheists, Christians, Muslims, and Mormons; progressives and liberals, libertarians, and conservatives; low-, middle-, and high income; parents with Ph.D.s, GEDs, and no high school diploma.
Parents homeschool for these reasons (among others):
- Concern about school environment, such as safety, drugs, or negative peer pressure
- Dissatisfaction with the academic instruction at other schools
- Desire to provide religious or moral instruction
Many African American parents homeschool to:
- Protect their children, especially their boys, from institutional racism and stereotyping
- Give their children a sense of their historic cultural roots
Homeschoolers score substantially higher on standardized tests than public school students, on average
The average U.S. homeschooled student scores 15-30 percentiles higher than the national average.
Oregon homeschoolers, on average, score 29 percentiles higher than the national average. Arkansas homeschoolers, on average, score 11 percentiles higher than the national average.
Homeschooled students receive the same academic boost at all ability levels
Public school students do not get this boost.
Homeschooled students are as consistently (equitably) educated as public school students
There are proportionately just as many well-served homeschool students as there are well-served public school students. And there are proportionately just as many ill-served public school students as there are ill-served homeschool students.
The typical homeschooled student is well-socialized
Socialization is the process of gaining the abilities and motivations necessary to function well as a member of society. In recent research, homeschoolers have demonstrated the sufficiency of their socializing experiences, on some issues showing better results than conventional schools.
One study suggests homeschooled students may be more politically tolerant than public school students.
Homeschoolers likely have a lower child abuse rate than the national average
The best data available offers credible evidence that homeschoolers have a lower child abuse rate than the national average. There are no studies existing that offer credible evidence that homeschoolers have a higher than average child abuse rate.
Regulation does not help homeschooled students
Homeschool academic achievement is not boosted by regulations.
There is no evidence that regulating homeschoolers protects homeschooled students from child abuse.
Most existing state/provincial homeschool regulations are based on assumptions known to be unfounded.