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Approximately two million U.S. students are home educated

Estimates range from 1.7-2.3 million homeschooled students in 2016.

Homeschoolers are diverse

Blacks, hispanics, asians and other minorities make up 41% of homeschooling families.
(, Table 7)

Homeschooling families come from many different backgrounds: Atheists, Christians, Muslims, and Mormons; progressives and liberals, libertarians, and conservatives; low-, middle-, and high income; parents with Ph.D.s, GEDs, and no high school diploma.

Parents homeschool for these reasons (among others):
(, Table 8)

  • Concern about the environment of other schools
  • Dissatisfaction with academic instruction at other schools
  • Desire to provide religious or moral instruction

Many African American parents homeschool to:

  • Protect their children, especially their boys, from institutional racism and stereotyping
  • Give their children a sense of their historic cultural roots

Homeschoolers score substantially higher on standardized tests than public school students, on average

The average U.S. homeschooled student scores 15-30 percentiles higher than the national average. Oregon homeschoolers, on average, score 29 percentiles higher than the national average. Arkansas homeschoolers, on average, score 11 percentiles higher than the national average.

Homeschooled students receive the same academic boost at all ability levels

Public school students do not get this boost.

Homeschooled students are as consistently (equitably) educated as public school students

There are proportionately just as many well-served homeschool students as there are well-served public school students. And there are proportionately just as many ill-served public school students as there are ill-served homeschool students.

The typical homeschooled student is well-socialized

Socialization is the process of gaining the abilities and motivations necessary to function well as a member of society. In recent research, homeschoolers have demonstrated the sufficiency of their socializing experiences, on some issues showing better results than conventional schools.

One study suggests homeschooled students may be more politically tolerant than public school students.

Homeschoolers likely have a lower child abuse rate than the national average

The best data available offers credible evidence that homeschoolers have a lower child abuse rate than the national average. There are no studies existing that offer credible evidence that homeschoolers have a higher than average child abuse rate.

Regulation does not help homeschooled students

Homeschool academic achievement is not boosted by regulations.

There is no evidence that regulating homeschoolers protects homeschooled students from child abuse.